Andreas Bergh is associate professor in Economics at Lund university and fellow at the Research Institute of Industrial Economics in Stockholm.

His research concerns the welfare state, institutions, development, globalization, trust and social norms.

He has published in journals such as European Economic Review, World Development, European Sociological Review and Public Choice. He is the author of 'Sweden and the revival of the capitalist welfare state" (Edward Elgar, 2014).

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Naturresursernas förbannelse och institutionernas betydelse

Inom ulandsekonomi talas ibland om naturresursernas förbannelse: Fattiga länder med gott om naturresurser, tycks inte alls kunna dra nytta av dessa. Men vad det egentligen handlar om är såklart institutionernas betydelse - som sammanfattas i följande abstract:

Natural resource-abundant countries constitute both growth losers and growth winners, and the main difference between the success cases and the cases of failure lies in the quality of institutions. With grabber-friendly institutions more natural resources push aggregate income down, while with producer-friendly institutions more natural resources increase income. Such a theory finds strong support in data. A key question we also discuss is if resources in addition alter the quality of institutions. When that is the case, countries with bad institutions suffer a double resource curse - as the deterioration of institutions strengthens the negative effect of more natural resources. 

Källa: Mehlum, Halvor, Karl Moene, and Ragnar Torvik. 2006. "Cursed by Resources or Institutions?" World Economy 29:1117-1131.

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Reader Comments (4)

För liknande poäng:

Rodrik, D., Subramanian, A. & Trebbi, F. (2004). ‘Institutions Rule: The Primacy of Institutions over Geography and Integration in Economic Development.’ Journal of Economic Growth 9(2), 131–165.
29 aug | Unregistered Commentergummo
För oss relativt ovetande: Men poängen om att naturresurser kan driva institutioner känns ganska viktig. D v s det var ganska viktigt för institutioners utvecklande i "nya världen" i t ex Nord- och Sydamerika hur naturresurserna såg ut. Incitamenten såg annorlunda ut i nord vs. syd beroende på hur naturresurserna såg ut? Vad driver vad?
30 aug | Unregistered CommenterMikael
För att förtydliga: Alla naturresurser kanske inte ger upphov till samma incitamentsstruktur?
30 aug | Unregistered CommenterMikael
Samspelet naturresurser-institutioner tror jag är komplext. Minst sagt. Klokare än så, har jag inte blivit i dagsläget...
30 aug | Registered Commenterbergh

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