Det kommer mer och mer mikrodatabaserad empiri om effekterna av invandring. Här kan man läsa ett papper på väg ut i JEEA:
In this paper we analyze the impact of immigrants on the type and quantity of native jobs. We use data on ﬁfteen Western European countries during the 1996-2010 period. We ﬁnd that immigrants, by taking manual-routine type of occupations pushed natives towards more “complex” (abstract and communication) jobs. This job upgrade was associated to a 0.7% increase in native wages for a doubling of the immigrants’ share. These results are robust to the use of an IV strategy based on past settlement of immigrants across European countries.
The job upgrade slowed, but did not come to a halt, during the Great Recession. We also document the labor market ﬂows behind it: the complexity of jobs oﬀered to new native hires was higher relative to the complexity of lost jobs. Finally, we ﬁnd evidence that such reallocation was larger in countries with more ﬂexible labor laws.
Källa: Francesco D'Amuri and Giovanni Peri (forthcoming) “Immigration, Jobs and Labor Market Institutions: Evidence from Europe” forthcoming Journal of European Economic Association